Download YouTube Captions?

Let’s say you watched the “Thank You Notes” with Jim Fallon (https://youtu.be/_n_78kduHrI) for example and you want to transcribe what he says.

Fortunately, the video has closed captions and there’s also an interactive transcript so the good news is that you can download the captions file by copying pasting the following URL into your address bar and replacing the Video_ID below with Jim Fallon’s video ID:

http://video.google.com/timedtext?lang=en&v=VIDEO_ID,

Then replace VIDEO_ID with the ID of the YouTube video. (The Video ID in this example is: _n_78kduHrI)

When you replace the ID you’ll have an XML file and you can extract plain text by removing all the tags: just Right-click on the page, select “view source”, copy all the text and paste it on this page.

BaBoom!

Send High Resolution Photos/Videos via WhatsApp?

On WhatsApp, sending photos or videos via Share or Gallery attachments are obviously downgrading the resolution of our files. But Whatsapp lets us send documents up to 100 Mb. So #Photos and #Videos (which are less than 105 Mb) can be sent without any quality compression IF And Only IF; they are sent as Documents:

Click on the attachment and choose Documents, at the top of the screen (in Android phones) or at the bottom of the screen (in iPhones) you’ll find: “Browse other docs” , click on it and choose your photo or video (should be maximum 105 Mb) and boom! Whatsapp will send the file without affecting its quality and resolution.

Hacking Terminology?

Following is a list of important terms used in the field of hacking:

Adware Adware is software designed to force pre-chosen ads to display on your system.

Attack An attack is an action that is done on a system to get its access and extract sensitive data.

Back door A back door, or trap door, is a hidden entry to a computing device or software that bypasses security measures, such as logins and password protections.

Bot A bot is a program that automates an action so that it can be done repeatedly at a much higher rate for a more sustained period than a human operator could do it. For example, sending HTTP, FTP or Telnet at a higher rate or calling script to create objects at a higher rate.

Botnet A botnet, also known as zombie army, is a group of computers controlled without their owners’ knowledge. Botnets are used to send spam or make denial of service attacks.

Brute force attack A brute force attack is an automated and the simplest kind of method to gain access to a system or website. It tries different combination of usernames and passwords, over and over again, until it gets in.

Buffer Overflow Buffer Overflow is a flaw that occurs when more data is written to a block of memory, or buffer, than the buffer is allocated to hold.

Clone phishing Clone phishing is the modification of an existing, legitimate email with a false link to trick the recipient into providing personal information.

Cracker A cracker is one who modifies the software to access the features which are considered undesirable by the person cracking the software, especially copy protection features.

Denial of service attack (DoS) A denial of service (DoS) attack is a malicious attempt to make a server or a network resource unavailable to users, usually by temporarily interrupting or suspending the services of a host connected to the Internet.

DDoS Distributed denial of service attack.

Exploit Kit An exploit kit is software system designed to run on web servers, with the purpose of identifying software vulnerabilities in client machines communicating with it and exploiting discovered vulnerabilities to upload and execute malicious code on the client.

Exploit Exploit is a piece of software, a chunk of data, or a sequence of commands that takes advantage of a bug or vulnerability to compromise the security of a computer or network system.

Firewall A firewall is a filter designed to keep unwanted intruders outside a computer system or network while allowing safe communication between systems and users on the inside of the firewall.

Keystroke logging Keystroke logging is the process of tracking the keys which are pressed on a computer (and which touchscreen points are used). It is simply the map of a computer/human interface. It is used by gray and black hat hackers to record login IDs and passwords. Keyloggers are usually secreted onto a device using a Trojan delivered by a phishing email.

Logic bomb A virus secreted into a system that triggers a malicious action when certain conditions are met. The most common version is the time bomb.

Malware Malware is an umbrella term used to refer to a variety of forms of hostile or intrusive software, including computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware, spyware, adware, scareware, and other malicious programs.

Master Program A master program is the program a black hat hacker uses to remotely transmit commands to infected zombie drones, normally to carry out Denial of Service attacks or spam attacks.

Phishing Phishing is an e-mail fraud method in which the perpetrator sends out legitimate-looking emails, in an attempt to gather personal and financial information from recipients.

Phreaker Phreakers are considered the original computer hackers and they are those who break into the telephone network illegally, typically to make free longdistancephone calls or to tap phone lines.

Rootkit Rootkit is a stealthy type of software, typically malicious, designed to hide the existence of certain processes or programs from normal methods of detection and enable continued privileged access to a computer.

Shrink Wrap code A Shrink Wrap code attack is an act of exploiting holes in unpatched or poorly configured software.

Social engineering Social engineering implies deceiving someone with the purpose of acquiring sensitive and personal information, like credit card details or user names and passwords.

Spam A Spam is simply an unsolicited email, also known as junk email, sent to a large number of recipients without their consent.

Spoofing Spoofing is a technique used to gain unauthorized access to computers, whereby the intruder sends messages to a computer with an IP address indicating that the message is coming from a trusted host.

Spyware Spyware is software that aims to gather information about a person or organization without their knowledge and that may send such information to another entity without the consumer’s consent, or that asserts control over a computer without the consumer’s knowledge.

SQL Injection SQL injection is an SQL code injection technique, used to attack data-driven applications, in which malicious SQL statements are inserted into an entry field for execution (e.g. to dump the database contents to the attacker).

Threat A threat is a possible danger that can exploit an existing bug or vulnerability to compromise the security of a computer or network system.

Trojan A Trojan, or Trojan Horse, is a malicious program disguised to look like a valid program, making it difficult to distinguish from programs that are supposed to be there designed with an intention to destroy files, alter information, steal passwords or other information.

Virus A virus is a malicious program or a piece of code which is capable of copying itself and typically has a detrimental effect, such as corrupting the system or destroying data.

Vulnerability A vulnerability is a weakness which allows a hacker to compromise the security of a computer or network system.

Worms A worm is a self-replicating virus that does not alter files but resides in active memory and duplicates itself.

Cross-site Scripting Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of computer security vulnerability typically found in web applications. XSS enables attackers to inject client-side script into web pages viewed by other users.

Zombie Drone A Zombie Drone is defined as a hi-jacked computer that is being used anonymously as a soldier or ‘drone’ for malicious activity, for example, distributing unwanted spam e-mails.

A Restart Button to Restart Chrome Safely?

How To Restart Chrome or any Chromium-Based Browsers Without Losing Open Tabs

If you Copy-Paste chrome://restart in the browser’s address bar, it will instantly restart your browser without losing running tabs or windows.

But the fastest way to restart the browser with a single click is to use the internal command as well as the bookmark bar.

1. Right-click on the Bookmarks bar and select “Add page…” from the drop-down menu and select the Bookmarks Bar as the folder to save your button in.

2. After you select “Bookmarks Bar” in the menu, give any name for the bookmark and type chrome://restart in the URL field.

Click on the “Save” button to create the bookmark.

3. Now you just have to click the bookmark to restart your browser.

How To Restart Chrome From The Bookmark

Toggle Ctrl+Shift+o (on Windows and Linux) or ⌘ + Option + B (on Mac) to make the Bookmark bar visible; then find the currently-created bookmark by name, and then just drag and drop it into the Bookmark bar.

Speed Up Your MAC?

1. Find resource-hungry processes

Some apps are more power hungry than others and can slow your Mac to a crawl. To see which apps are eating up your system resources, use Activity Monitor. You can open it from the Utilities folder of your Applications folder, or use Spotlight to find it.

Activity Monitor details five different resources: CPU, Memory, Energy, Disk, and Network usage. If your Mac is running slowly, pay special attention to the CPU section. It shows how processes affect CPU (processor) activity. Click a column name, such as % CPU, to list all programs by the amount of CPU they’re using.

How to speed up Mac: activity monitor

If you see that some app is using a lot of CPU power, you can close it from here by choosing the app with the mouse and clicking the X in the left-hand corner of the Activity Monitor.

2. Manage your startup items

It goes without saying that a clean startup helps speed up slow Mac. When your Mac launches faster, it takes less time to do anything. No waiting for Safari, Chrome or Firefox to launch — they open instantly. How do you get such speed? Well, when your Mac boots up, it runs a lot of unnecessary apps. But it’s quite easy to take control of it. Go to your System Preferences > Users & Groups and then click on your username. Now click on Login Items and select a program you don’t immediately need when your Mac starts up, and click the “-” button below.

How to speed up Mac: remove startup items

3. Turn off visual effects

A great tip to help you when you wonder how to speed up your Mac is to turn off visual effects. Sure, they look pretty, but who cares if your Mac is running slowly? Turning off some of the features can greatly speed up iMac or MacBook.

Here’s how to speed up a Mac by turning off some visual effects:

  1. Click System Preferences > Dock.
  2. Untick the following boxes: Animate opening applications, Automatically hide and show the Dock.
  3. Click on Minimize windows using and change Genie effect to Scale effect.

How to speed up Mac: Turn off visual effects on Mac

4. Delete browser add-ons

It’s 2019 and today’s browsers got overly sophisticated. Chrome and other browsers often get overloaded with various add-ons and extensions we install on top of them. These tools do a useful job like checking our grammar but we pay for that with reduced browser speed. You can battle that by reducing the number of open tabs and by removing any browser extensions you don’t need.

Here is how to delete extra browser extensions in all 3 main browsers:

How to make faster your MacBook 2019

5. Reindex Spotlight

If you recently updated your OS, you would be aware of the slowness that occurs when Spotlight is indexing. This only takes a few hours and then your Mac will be fine. But sometimes the indexing gets stuck, and you need to speed up a Mac. To solve this problem, you need to reindex Spotlight by going to System Preferences > Spotlight and clicking on the “Privacy” tab.

How to speed up Mac: reindex spotlight

Now drag your hard drive from Finder into the Privacy List. Once added, remove it by clicking the “-” sign. The indexing will start again, but hopefully, after a few hours, it will finish properly and boost your Mac speed.

6. Reduce Desktop Clutter

Remember, every desktop icon takes up RAM space. Fewer icons — the faster your Mac gets. When your Desktop is clean, restart your computer. And the newly-introduced “Desktop Stacks” feature on macOS Mojave lets you put those icons in order. If you’re running macOS High Sierra or older macOS version, don’t worry. The mere deletion of desktop items will make your MacBook faster.

How to speed up MacBook PRO | Delete desktop items

7. Empty the caches

Cache files are temporary data used to speed up the processes. For example, a web browser will cache web pages to download a website faster when you revisit it. Sounds great, right? Actually, it is, but there is always “but.” Over time, these cache files take much storage on your Mac, and instead of speeding things up, they slow your computer down.

So how to speed up MacBook by emptying the caches? There are two ways: you can clean them up manually (step-by-step) or you can remove them in a second with a cleaning utility CleanMyMac X.

If you want to clear cache automatically, do the following:

  1. Launch CleanMyMac — download the app for free here
  2. Choose System Junk.
  3. Click Scan and then Clean.

That’s it!

However, if you decide to clean cache files manually, check out his guide on “How to Clear Cache on a Mac.”

8. Uninstall unused apps

Another proven way to speed up MacBook Pro, MacBook Air or iMac is to uninstall the application you don’t need anymore. So how to remove unwanted apps on your Mac? You may be surprised to find out that simply dragging them to a Trash bin is not enough. It leaves gigabytes of junk behind. Dragging documents and movies to Trash works fine but apps should be uninstalled completely. Check out a step-by-step guide on “How to Install Apps on a Mac.” It describes the manual way and the easy way.

9. Clean up Mac’s hard drive

If you want the most bang for your buck, cleaning your hard drive is by far the best and easiest way to speed up MacBook or iMac. Go through your hard drive and clean out everything that is slowing it down. But what is slowing down my Mac? What to look for? Caches, logs, apps, widgets, hidden trash, large and old files.

How to make slow Mac faster Mojave

Of course, you can clean up your Mac manually. But finding and removing all these things takes time. And you have to know where to look. The good news is that there is an easy solution to the problem. CleanMyMac X, by MacPaw has everything you need to finish the 3-hour task of hard drive cleanup in under 5 minutes. Even more, it will clean up the junk you didn’t even know about and speed up Mac.

10. Update your Mac (OS and hardware)

Typically, Macs take care of themselves. Having the latest software from Apple makes speeding up your Mac simple. To check your version of the operating system, click the Apple icon in the top left corner of your screen and then About This Mac. Make sure you have the latest macOS/OS X installed (or the latest you can install since not all Macs upgrade to macOS Mojave).

How to speed up Mac: update macOS and software

As for the hardware upgrade, as you’ve probably guessed, it is costly. But if your OS is the latest possible version and you’ve cleaned up the hard drive, and you still have troubles with speed, this could be your solution. Keep in mind that upgrading some hardware is not possible for certain Macs.

Upgrading to the latest OS and upgrading your hardware will typically solve a bunch of slowness issues.

11. Create a new user profile on your Mac

If you want to go even further than updating the macOS — simply create a new user profile on your Mac. Some settings in your current user profile may have been compromised or got cluttered with outdated system logs. You can scrap all these and start your profile afresh.

  • Click the Apple logo > System Preferences
  • Click Users & Groups
  • Press to Unlock changes
  • Add a new user with a “+”

Next up, you will have to import your crucial user data to your new account. Luckily, macOS has a special Shared Folder just for this purpose. It can be found by clicking Finder > Go > Computer > Macintosh HD > Users. Drop your documents to this folder and then log in to your new account. Well done! You’re starting a new life!

12. Free up RAM using Terminal

If you made it to this tip, you probably have enough skill to start using Mac’s Terminal app. It’s like using a magic wand — there are dozens of helpful combinations that you can use to command your Mac. One of them is used to free up RAM instantly.

You can apply this trick when your system is running out of available memory. In other words, when a particular app freezes up and desperately needs some fresh memory.

Open Terminal app via Launchpad
Paste in the following command:

sudo purge

> Hit Enter
You will be asked to enter your system password

Speed up MacBook quickly

If you’re not comfortable with using Terminal, there is a shortcut way to free up RAM that requires no hacking skills. You can download the app I’ve mentioned above, CleanMyMac X, preferably, the 2019 version.

How to speed up computer Mac 2019 | Free up RAM

13. Reset SMC & PRAM

Sometimes your Mac will act strange for no apparent reason — it sleeps or shuts down unexpectedly, the battery doesn’t charge properly, the keyboard backlight behaves incorrectly, and your Mac performs slowly. If these issues are not solved by restarting your computer, you’ll need to reset SMC (system management controller) and PRAM (parameter RAM).

Resetting the SMC

How to speed up MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, and MacBook

First of all, you need to determine whether your Mac’s battery is removable. That’s because the process of resetting the SMC for computers that have a non-removable battery is quite different.

If the battery is non-removable:

  1. Shut down your Mac.

  2. Press Shift+Control+Option on your keyboard and press the power button at the same time. Hold the keys and a power button for 10 seconds.

  3. Release all keys.

  4. Press the power button to turn on your Mac.

If the battery is removable:

  1. Shut down your Mac.

  2. Remove the battery.

  3. Press the power button and hold it for 5 seconds.

  4. Press the power button again to turn on your computer.

How to speed up iMac, Mac Mini, Mac Pro

  1. Shut down your computer.

  2. Unplug a power cord and wait 15 seconds.

  3. Plug the power cord in.

  4. Wait 5 seconds and press the power button.

Resetting the PRAM

  1. Shut down your Mac.

  2. Press the power button.

  3. Press the Command+Option+P+R keys at the same time.

  4. Hold the keys until your Mac restarts.

  5. Release the keys.

Resetting SMC and PRAM may seem to be difficult, but it can really help with Mac speedup.

14. Replace your HDD with SSD

You can breathe new life into your Mac by replacing its traditional hard drive with a solid-state drive. Adding an SSD will make your computer boot faster, copy files in the blink of an eye and make the system really fast when multitasking.

A word of caution: it’s recommended that you consult a professional before attempting any hardware upgrades yourself because the process is quite challenging. And don’t forget to make a complete backup of your data before replacing your HDD with SSD, so that you’ll be able to restore all important files if something goes wrong.

By today’s standards, a good SSD will have 240-256 GB of capacity. It is recommended to clean install the macOS on the new drive. When asked about the formatting system, choose APFS+ file system which works much faster.

15. Add more RAM

How to speed up my Mac? How to get it run faster? In fact, upgrading RAM is usually a great solution for improving your Mac’s performance. But first, check how much RAM you physically have on your Mac.

Click on the Apple logo > About this Mac…
Look out for Memory specs

The normal amount in 2019 is anything above 8 GB of RAM. An extra 8 GB RAM card will cost you around $30.

The more RAM your Mac has at its disposal, the more windows or tabs you can have open without slowing the system down. With more RAM, the operating system isn’t making calls to virtual memory which uses the hard drive and slows down the system considerably. Here’s a comprehensive guide on  “How to Upgrade Your Mac’s RAM.”

Tip:  One more hardware solution to speed up your MacBook, is to reapply MacBook’s thermal paste which has probably worn off over time. The tell-tale sign for this is your Mac overheating too often. The thermal paste transfers heat away from your Mac’s processor thus making it more efficient

16. Use CleanMyMac X

If you don’t feel like spending the next several hours trying to get your Mac in shape manually, there is a great solution. Download CleanMyMac X and let it do the job for you. It’s a powerful utility for speeding up Mac. It has a dedicated feature, called Speed that battles the slow macOS. It does some of the following:

  • Disables your Hung Apps
  • Disables Heavy Memory Consumers
  • Runs macOS Maintenance Scripts
  • Switches off extra Login items and more

Speed up MacBook PRO

Some users reported that the Speed feature is pretty impressive, especially on older Mac models.